Conservation Through Public Health has achieved gorilla conservation by an integration of many approaches.
The first approach was to establish a gorilla research clinic in Buhoma village Mukono parish, Kanungu district near Bwindi Impenetrable National Park head quarters. This, since its inception has been the center for early warning system for disease out breaks in gorillas and other animals. CTPH has trained rangers, trackers, field assistants, and community volunteers in gorilla health monitoring through recognizing clinical signs in gorillas and collecting fecal samples from night nests and fresh trails. Samples are analyzed at the Gorilla Research Clinic, which also serves as a veterinary clinic for other animals in the area. Through this, CTPH has been able to strengthen the capacity of UWA Rangers and community volunteers in epidemiological research, hence easy disease control and management.
CTPH scaled up this approach to QENP where rangers where taught passive surveillance techniques and sera sample collection techniques (blood smears) from diseased animals. Rangers and research assistants were trained to recognize and report clinical signs in the wildlife, and to collect blood smears and other tissue samples from animals that they find dead in the course of their daily work. This has enabled UWA staff to detect earlier fatal diseases, such as anthrax and prevent further spread within the park. Another component was disease surveillance to detect infection rates and trends of diseases that spread between wildlife, livestock and people where a certain number of wild animals were tested for Tuberculosis (TB), brucellosis, Foot and Mouth Disease (FMD) among others. Results are used to aid better management of the wildlife and livestock in and around the national park.